Export

Exporter’s guide

Before you complete sale contract please make sure that your business partner has EORI number.

Method of shipment depends on cargo weight and dimensions:

– general cargo – LCL (less than container load)
cargo is classified as general when its weight does not exceed 0,5-5 tonnes and its dimensions 0,5-10 m3, all general cargo shipments sent to the same place of destination are gathered in the port of loading until the amount of goods is enough to stuff the whole container, which is then loaded on the ship,

– container shipments – FCL (full container load)
cargo is classified as FCL shipment when the whole container can be stuffed with cargo for one receiver. Cubic dimensions, weight and type of the cargo must be specified in order to choose the appropriate container type, for detailed information about containers see [CONTAINER TYPES].

The next step is to agree on transport rule according to Incoterms 2020 which determines transport responsibilities.

The most common terms of delivery are:

• CFR – Cost and Freight
The seller pays more but the buyer incurs the bigger risk and insures the cargo for the time of transport. The moment the goods are loaded on board is agreed to be the moment of delivering the cargo by the seller. This rule applies only to sea and inland waterway transport. The seller is responsible for concluding carriage contract which means he controls the shipments during the main part of transport process.

• CIF – Cost, Insurance and Freight
The moment the goods are loaded on board is agreed to be the moment of delivering goods by the seller. The seller pays for the freight and insurance according to the appropriate worth and clauses. We insure cargo for our clients at the competitive rates.[Insurance]
The seller is responsible for concluding carriage contract which means he controls the shipments during the main part of transport process.

• FCA – Free Carrier
The buyer is responsible for cargo and incurs costs starting from the moment the goods are delivered by the seller to the agreed place and given to the carrier. The buyer decides whether the cargo should be insured. The seller carries out and pays for export clearance. FCA rule applies to multimodal transport.

• EXW – Ex Works
The seller bears the least responsibility than at any other rules. Delivery is performed at the moment of placing the cargo at the buyer’s disposal. EXW can be applied to each transport rule. We advise against this transport formula because the seller looses the chance to control the cargo during transport.

Types of transport:
• sea freight [Sea freight]
• rail freight [Rail freight]
• air freight [Air freight]
• road freight [Road freight]

We are forwarding and customs agent and offer our help by:
– choosing the best method and terms of delivery,
– checking commercial documentation,
– evaluating cost of transport,
– sea carriage,
– cargo reloading, discharging, warehousing and rail transport [Warehousing] [Road freight] [Rail freight],
– customs clearing – we are licensed Customs Agency [Customs clearnce],
– cargo insurance [Insurance].

Delivering stages:
1. Applying for EORI number, weight, cubic dimensions.
2. Choosing delivery rules Incoterms 2020 and specifying the date of cargo readiness for delivery.
3. Choosing the forwarding and customs agent.
4. Informing the forwarding agent about cargo type, weight, cubic dimensions and the address of the buyer.
5. The forwarding agent chooses the best transport solution, customs clears and insures the cargo according to the Incoterms 2020 rule indicated in the sale contract.
6. The forwarder must be informed about the weight [VGM] or should be given the order to weigh the cargo.
7. The forwarding agent informs the seller about shipment status.
8. The lenght of shipping time depends on the mode of transport and can be estimated only approximately.